Science had made so many innovations up till now and biotechnology is one of the most unique innovations in science. Biotechnology has created a new revolution in this era by contributing to the industry, medicine, food technology, and genetics.
Before getting to modern biotechnology let’s take a look at the history of biotechnology.
History of Biotechnology
This is a misconception that biotechnology is a new field. However, this is completely wrong. The production of yogurt and cheese from milk is old and simple technology in this field. Humans have been using this method for centuries. Brewing beer, sourdough bread, and using fruit juices to make wine are some of the techniques of biotechnology. For many years, humans have been using breeding techniques to produce different ideal crops and animals. The use of different organisms and plants for pest control and nitrogen production is another example in this field. Studies by some archaeologists indicate that some of these techniques were used before 5000 BC. C.
The microscope promoted the advancement of biotechnology because humans acquired the ability to observe small creatures. Pasture’s work can also be called the basis of modern biotechnology because it demonstrated the existence of microorganisms and their working mechanisms. On the other hand, the work of Gregor Mendel also gave rise to this field at that particular time.
History of modern biotechnology
Karl Ereky was the first person in 1917 to apply the term “biotechnology” to specific biotechnology for the production of crops, meat, and milk. He mentioned this word in his book.
This discovery is called the beginning of modern biotechnology. Werner Arber discovered special restriction enzymes for DNA. In 1973, American geneticist Stanley Cohen and American biochemist Herbert, with the help of restriction enzymes, successfully removed a specific gene from one type of bacteria and inserted it into another type of bacteria.
This invention ushered in the era of DNA technology, commonly referred to as genetic engineering. In 1977, someone tried to produce insulin by inserting human genes into bacteria. In the 1980s, the Human Genome Project was launched and was regarded as a major project in biotechnology.
Progress of biotechnology
The field of biotechnology is vast and it is often difficult to understand the progress of biotechnology. Biotechnology includes all aspects of health, agriculture, industry, and the environment. However, the largest area of biotechnology in the healthcare industry. The advancement of biotechnology in the field of health is more remarkable.
So how do you find information related to the advancement of biotechnology? Since many advances in medical biotechnology (such as cloning) are often controversial, you don’t need to check the evening news to get this information. You can also search online or view scientific journals. It is such an important area in modern life and information abounds.
Some of the most important biotechnological advances in recent years have been related to field genetics. For example, mapping the human genome is a key step in understanding the human body. There are other advances in biotechnology in other areas. An example of this is agriculture, as farmers start to grow genetically modified crops.
Ethical issues arise when talking about the progress of biotechnology. Some people seem to have two concerns. There are many topics about cloning. Is it ethical to clone life? Is the life of a clone ethical? These are questions that people think about and may need to be answered in the next few years. Another ethical issue is stem cell research. Stem cell research may benefit patients with Parkinson’s disease and other diseases.
Advances in biotechnology are often fascinating. It is amazing to think about what scientific progress has made us do. We have mapped the human genome. We can clone. Stem cell research is very promising. Following the field is fascinating, because it is exciting to predict what biotech advancements will be made next.
Like these amazing advances, there are many unbelievable inventions in the field of biotechnology.
As this field has been helping humans for several decades, no one can refuse its importance in daily life. Professionals, as well as laymen, are getting benefits from biotechnology on daily basis. This field is expanding day by day to help fulfill future needs.